Why does the NMMS leave out Dr. Putnam? Perhaps because his entire career he stated that MS had a vascular component.
This is the primary reason why the research focus went to the EAE model of MS, created by Dr. Thomas Rivers at the Rockefeller Institute. Rivers has worked on the polio vaccine, and his research was perceived as the "future." He had discovered, while working on the polio vaccine, that immune cells, once activated by a foreign agent, could enter the central nervous system of monkeys and cause demyelination.
Dr. Putnam had a decade for his vascular research. The EAE autoimmune mouse model of MS has had over seven decades, and there is still no clearly defined disease aetiology for multiple sclerosis.
My husband had an occluded venous sinus, just like Dr. Putnam's poor dogs. His sinus was stented and normalized flow has been returned. He has had no MS progression, no new lesions, and reversal of his gray matter atrophy since treatment.