So, how long have doctors known about this connection of iron and the MS brain?
"C W M ADAMS
From the Division of Histopathology, United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas's Hospitals, University of London, UK
SUMMARY Evidence of damage to cerebral vein walls was sought in 70 cases of multiple sclerosis. Seventy control cases were also examined. The multiple sclerosis cases showed venous intramural fibrinoid deposition (7 %), recent haemorrhages (17%), old haemorrhages revealed by haemosiderin deposition (30%), thrombosis (6%) and thickened veins (19%). In all, 41% of all multiple sclerosis cases showed some evidence of vein damage. Occasional control cases showed haemosiderin deposition in the brain but, unlike the multiple sclerosis cases, these were diffuse and almost entirely related to coexistent cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease. Haemosiderin deposition was common in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei in all cases. It is concluded that the cerebral vein wall in multiple sclerosis is subject to chronic inflammatory damage, which promotes haemorrhage and increased permeability, and constitutes a form of vasculitis."
Here we have a study in 1988 showing vein damage in almost half of the MS patients- and the researchers note hemorrhage, hemosiderin (iron storage) deposition, thickened vein walls and call it a form of "vasculitis."
"The results reported here reinforce the view that damage to the vein wall is an important aspect of the pathology of the multiple sclerosis plaque. The vasculitis caused is different from and of a more modest nature than that, for example, in systemic lupus or polyarteritis nodosa but is, nevertheless, enough to cause haemorrhage, and structural and permeability changes in the vessel wall. The term proposed by Lendrum for a wide range of vasculitic disorders is plasmatic vasculosis, and the damage to the vein wall in multiple sclerosis could be regarded as causing a minor degree of such plasmatic vasculosis. Inflammatory and reparative changes in the vein wall might be exacerbated by pulsations or surges in intracranial venous pressure and may result in increased permeability of the multiple sclerosis plaque, as shown at necropsy, by immunohistochemistry and by brain scan."
So, the researchers note that this is different than vasculitis- it's really about damage to the VEIN wall. They even posit that this damage may be caused by PULSATIONS or SURGES of intracranial venous pressure (like from venous reflux, perhaps?)
Let's just move ahead 20 years, thru the vast miasma of autoimmune research-
Here is Dr. Haacke's paper from earlier this year. This is research completed BEFORE he read Dr. Zamboni's research. After attending the first CCSVI symposium in Bologna in 2009, Dr. Haacke has since became so convinced that Dr. Zamboni's research provided the missing link, he is now covering the globe, opening research centers to diagnose venous stenosis and reflux.